Curriculum Vitae

William Ross McCluney

SunPine Consulting

3517 Elderview Dr.

Chattanooga, TN 37419


                                                             Professional Interests

Optical aspects of solar energy collection, especially natural lighting and other active and passive solar energy techniques.  Energy-efficient electric lighting and daylighting.  Optical system design, development, and testing, especially optical systems for solar illumination.  Energy and environmental policy analysis and writing and teaching on environmental subjects.

                                                            Academic Background

Rhodes College, Memphis, Tennessee, 1959 to 1963, B.A. in physics.  University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, 1963 to 1966, M.S. in physics.  Courses in advanced optics at the Institute of Optics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, 1967.  University of Miami, Coral Gable, Florida, 1967 to 1973, Ph.D. in physics.

                                                                Work Experience

2000-present. Research Physicist, SunPine Consulting. Optical system design, solar optics, computerized ray tracing of complex optical systems, and the design of light-piped sunlighting systems.

1976 - 2007. Principal Research Scientist and Program Director, Buildings Research Division, Florida Solar Energy Center, a research institute of the University of Central Florida. General duties included: scientific research and contract management.  Principal past projects:  Project Manager on studies of 1) the opportunities for gas and electric utility involvement in solar energy, 2) the ocean thermal energy resource potential of  waters surrounding the state of Florida, 3) the long-term performance and durability of solar collectors, 4) the performance of solar domestic hot water systems installed in Central Florida residences, 5) residential window shading studies, 6) ray trace simulations of complex fenestration system optical performance, 7) calculation of the positions of date and time markings on the wall and floor of the western hemisphere’s largest modern sundial in a Disney office building at Lake Buena Vista, 8) the development of a draft calculational standard practice for rating the solar gain and visible transmittance of tubular daylighting devices, and 9) general research on the energy and illumination performances of fenestration systems of many kinds. Author of a popular introductory textbook in radiometry and photometry.

2003-2004, Adjunct Professor of Philosophy, Department of Philosophy and Religion, University of Central Florida. Taught 3 credit course, PHI 3033, Philosophy, Religion, and Environment, 2 semesters.

1976-1978, Adjunct Research Professor, Department of Oceanography and Ocean Engineering, and 1984-1986, Adjunct Research Professor, Department of Physics, Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, Florida.

1973 - 1976, Research Scientist, Hydrology and Oceanography Branch, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland.  General duties included the application of the principles and techniques of oceanography and optics to the NASA Earth Observations Program.  The work centered primarily on the development of instrumental and mathematical techniques for the remote sensing of a variety of chemical substances including pollutants and biological organisms in natural waters from space.  A theoretical model of the optical processes taking place in natural waters was developed which yields predictions of the water color spectrum emerging from beneath the water surface, based upon knowledge of the downwelling spectral irradiance of sun and sky light falling on the surface and the optical properties of the particles and dissolved substances contained in the water.

July 1966 - August 1967, and June-August 1968, Development Engineer, Apparatus and Optical Division, Eastman Kodak Company, Rochester, New York.  Duties included both systems analysis and optical system testing technique development.  Designed and built a holographic differential interferometer for change-testing of large optical systems.

Summer 1964, Lab Assistant at the Southwest Center for Advanced Studies near Dallas, Texas. Assisted in the design and construction of a grille spectrometer for spectroscopic observations of the night sky.  (Applied Optics, 5, 1139 (1966)).

                                                 Professional Consulting Experience

Kenergy Corporation, Orlando, FL.  National manufacturer of skylights, 1981-84.  General consultation and development of a series of computer programs for analysis of the energy and illumination performance of skylights.

Lighting Research Institute, New York, NY.  1983-85.  Assistance in developing a program of research in daylighting for the Electric Power Research Institute and New York State Energy Research and Development Authority.

3M Corporation, St. Paul, MN, 1983.  Window energy calculations.

Public Works Canada, Ottawa, 1983-84.  Advice and review of daylighting research plans.

Syracuse Research Corporation, Syracuse, New York, 1984.  Consultation on daylighting research projects.

Synertech Corporation, Syracuse, New York, 1984 - 1986.  Consultation on daylighting research.

Metropolitan Dade County Department of Parks and Recreation, Miami, FL. 1984.  Daylight building design assistance.

T. J. Bottom Industries, Cuba, MO, 1985.  Energy performance of translucent, operable awnings.

New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, 1985-88.  Advice and assistance in light therapy research.

Verosol Division of BW-USA Pittsburgh, PA, 1987-1991.  Developed computer model of side-by-side window energy performance.  General advice and consultation on shade product energy and illumination performance.

Office of Technology Assessment, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, 1987-98. Evaluation of energy-related inventions.

Holder Construction Company, Atlanta, GA.  1990.  Calculated coordinates for sun paths, hour lines, and other markings on the wall and floor of the world's largest sundial, part of the structure of a Disney World office building at Lake Buena Vista, Florida.

BRW Architects, Phoenix, AZ. 1990 - 1991.  Participated in the design of solar lighting systems for a planned NASA lunar base. 

Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada, 1992.  Technical consultant on an ASHRAE-funded study of the design of indoor and outdoor calorimeters for measuring the solar heat gain of fenestration systems.

Kell, Munoz, and Wigodsky Architects, San Antonio, TX. 1995-96. Technical consultant on the design and construction of a large sundial for the University of Texas at Edinburg.

Morrison Associates of Canada, Burlington, ON, Canada, 1996-97.  Consultation on sundial design.

OMI Corporation, Melbourne, FL, 1997.  Technical consultant on characterizing output wavelength of nanosecond pulsed laser diode ranging system on night vision dual eyepiece monocular.

Harley Gutin, attorney, Cocoa, FL, consultation on constitutionality of police procedure for stopping vehicles at night based on perceptions of window film transmittance level, 1997.

AAIC Architects, Collinsville, IL.  Calculations related to the design of a new sundial for a water park, 1998.

Leo A. Daly, Planning, Architecture, Engineering, Interiors, Omaha, NE.  Consultation on the design and fabrication of a new sundial plaza for the Council Bluffs, IA public library, 1998.

Allied Glass Enterprises, Kansas City, MO.  Consultation on the design of the windows for new sky boxes for Neyland Stadium, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, 1999.

Brevard County Public Defender (PD).  To provide expert witness services on an automobile window tint case, August 1999.

U. S. Department of Justice, Civil Division, New York.  Expert witness on an international trade case involving window shade fabric, 2000.

Cardinal Industries, Minneapolis, MN, insulated glazing systems manufacturer.  Technical consulting on a major project, including the design of field experiments and analysis of measured data, plus computerized optical ray tracing work. Also computations of solar heat gain through spectrally selective glazing systems. 2004-2006 and 2011-.

National Fenestration Rating Council, Silver Spring, MD. Technical consultant on development of window energy standards and related technical issues, 2005-2006 and 2009.

Sunflower Corporation, Boulder, CO. VP Research, Director. Technical studies on the development of a two-axis tracking sunlighting system and its light distribution systems, 2005-present.

                                                             Teaching Experience

Undergraduate physics laboratory courses at the University of Tennessee on teaching assistantships, 1965.  Adult education, non-credit course covering the environmental problems of South Florida, University of Miami, 1971.  Graduate course in optical oceanography at the Florida Institute of Technology, 1976-77.  College Algebra at Brevard Community College, Cocoa, FL, 1984.  Lecturer, FSEC’s workshops on Low Energy Building design and Solar in Schools 1983-1987.  Adjunct Professor, Florida Institute of Technology 1976-77 (Oceanography and Ocean Engineering), and 1984-1986 (Physics and Space Sciences).  M.S. Thesis research supervised:  Robert Lawson, physical oceanography (1977), Leslie Sivak, physical oceanography (1978), Hans Bornemann, physics (1985), and Achim Seidel, physics (1985).   Supervised research of UCF School of Optics graduate students JinWon Sung 2000 and Donna Waters 2002.  2001-2006, instructor in occasional half-day short courses on selecting the best windows for residences in hot climates.  1995-2008, instructor in yearly half-day short courses on radiometry and photometry for SPIE the international optical engineering society.  2003 - 2004. Instructor, Philosophy 3033, Philosophy, Religion, and the Environment, University of Central Florida, Cocoa Campus.

                                                         Past Research Experience

Designed and built a ten-pass holographic differential interferometer for plasma diagnostics at the University of Miami.  Performed the laboratory work for a paper by Dr. J.G. Hirschberg on a technique of thermal imaging using holography (Applied Optics, 9, 761, 1970).  Designed and built a multi-channel laser light scattering meter as part of dissertation research.  Investigated light scattering by marine phytoplankton.

At NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, designed a two-channel laser light scattering meter for oceanographic use, which was subsequently built at GSFC and was used in several experiments involving measurements of the two-degree and ninety-degree scattering functions of natural waters.  Received a patent for this device, October 11, 1977.

The two-channel scattering meter was subsequently put aboard J. Y. Cousteau’s ship, the Calypso, for a five-month series of measurements performed, under the direction of Professor Sayed El-Sayed, by Texas A&M University graduate students, in the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea.  This experiment took place between November 1974 and February 1975.

In September 1975, provided scientific coordination and direction for a joint NASA/Cousteau Society experiment in the Bahama Islands.  The Cousteau vessel, Calypso, and a vessel chartered from the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, the Beayndon, rendezvoused in clear, shallow waters at selected locations in the Bahamas and performed measurements of water depth, water transparency, and bottom reflectance.  Using an image processing computer at a General Electric Company facility in Maryland, the satellite data was used to generate preliminary bathymetric charts of the areas surrounding the Calypso and the Beayndon for later comparison with the data collected by these vessels.  One of the goals of the experiment was to determine the maximum depth of penetration of LANDSAT-2 imagery when the sensor is placed in high-gain mode.  This depth was found to be approximately 30 meters in clear water.  This and other results of the experiment were used to help determine the optimum design for future satellites in the LANDSAT series.

Designed a variable path spectral transmissometer covering the solar spectral range, for laboratory studies of the spectral transmittances of natural waters of varying turbidities.

                                                 Honors, Awards, and Appointments

Elected to Sigma Pi Sigma, national physics honor society in 1964; associate membership in Sigma Xi, scientific research honorary in 1965, and to full membership in Sigma Xi in 1975.  Held a two-year NASA graduate fellowship and a one-year NSF fellowship at the University of Miami, 1967-1970.  Appointed in 1974 as the Federal Government representative to the Ad Hoc Council for Red Tide Research, created by the State of Florida Legislature to advise it as to needed red tide research in Florida.  Appointed to the Marine Resources Panel of NASA’s Earth Resources Program Office.  These positions held through January 1976.

Received a National Aeronautics and Space Administration Certificate of Recognition, 12 July 1976.  Appointed to the Energy Element Policy Advisory Committee of the Florida Division of State Planning in 1977 and elected to the Boards of Directors of the Indian River and Florida Audubon Societies in 1976 and 1977, respectively.  Chairman of the Board, Brevard Community for Individual Education, 1981-84.  Served as Vice Chairman of the Board of Florida Audubon Society in 1980 and 1981.  Chairman of the Board, Brevard Community Band 1985-86.  Founding Vice President and Director, Earth Ethics Research Group, Inc., 1988-1989, 1991-92.

Florida Solar Energy Center Researcher of the year Award 1986, College Award for Excellence in Research 1986.  U. S. Delegate to Technical Committee 3.07 on International Collaboration in Daylight Availability Measurements of the Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage (CIE), the International Lighting Commisssion, 1983-1991.  Chair of CIE Technical Committee 6.17 on the spatial and temporal variability of radiation exposure and human behavior, 1987-1990.

Certificate of Appreciation from the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air Conditioning Engineers for service as the Chairman of its Fenestration Technical Committee from 1984 to 1986. Program Chairman, 1986 International Daylighting Conference.

Co-founder and first President, North American Sundial Society.

Who’s Who in Science and Engineering, 1993-2003(est.).  Marquis Who’s Who in America, 2003, 57th edition. Founder and first president, North American Sundial Society (, 1994-1995. Vice President, Floridians for a Sustainable Population, 1999-2007.

                                    National and International Boards and Committees

Chairman, Subcommittee E21.90 on Solar Electric, Thermal, and Stored Energy Utilization, 1977-1978, American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). Chairman, Editorial Committee of ASTM Committee E44 on Solar Energy Utilization 1979-1983.  Chairman Daylighting Task Group, ASTM Subcommittee E44.14 on Passive Solar Energy System, 1980-1983.  Member, Daylighting Committee of the Illuminating Engineering Society 1980-present. Chairman, Fenestration Technical Committee, American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air Conditioning Engineers 1984-1986 (member, 1982-present).  Member, United States National Committee of the International Committee on Illumination (CIE) 1983-2000(est.). Member, CIE technical committee 3.07 on daylight availability measurements 1983-88. Program Chairman, 1986 International Daylighting Conference.  Member, CIE technical committees on daylighting model studies, on rational use of solar illumination, on daylighting calculations, and on the psychological aspects of lighting, 1980s.  Member, National Fenestration Rating Council, 1989-present.  Chairman, Solar Gain Subcommittee, National Fenestration Rating Council, 1991-2002. Member, Board of Directors, Solar Radiation Division, American Solar Energy Society, 1990-1996.  Board of Directors, Floridians for a Sustainable Population, 1996-2007, Vice President, 2000-2007.  Co-Founder and first appointed and then elected President, North American Sundial Society, 1994-1996.  Member, National Advisory Board, Environmental Ethics Institute, Miami-Dade College, Miami, Florida, 1993-2008. Member, Board of Directors, 2011-2013, National Fenestration Rating Council, Greenbelt, MD.

                           Professional and Other Society Memberships, Past and Present

American Association for the Advancement of Science

American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, and Air Conditioning Engineers

American Solar Energy Society

International Solar Energy Society

Illuminating Engineering Society of North America

SPIE, International Society of Optical Engineering

National Fenestration Rating Council

Optical Society of America

North American Sundial Society



The Environmental Destruction of South Florida. Edited and authored, University of Miami Press, Coral Gables, FL, 1971, 174 pp.  Seventh printing, 1990.

Daylighting: Natural Light for Passive Design. Solstice: Building & Living in a Warm, Humid Climate, published by Miami-Dade Community College, 1986, 67 pp.

Introduction to Radiometry and Photometry. Artech House, Inc., 685 Canton St., Norwood, MA  02062, 1994, 402 pp.

“Sustainable Values,” chapter in Ethics & Agenda 21, Moral Implication of a Global Consensus,  Noel J. Brown and Pierre Quiblier, eds., February 1994, United Nations Publications, New York, NY, 10017,  pp. 13-26.

“Radiometry and Photometry,” chapter in Encyclopedia of Physical Science and Technology, Third Edition, Volume 13, Academic Press, New York, 2002, pp. 731-758.

“Photometry,” chapter in Encyclopedia of Optical Engineering, Marcel Dekker, New York, 2003.

Humanity’s Environmental Future: Making Sense in a Troubled World, ISBN 09744461-0-6, SunPine Press, 219 Johnson Ave., Cape Canaveral, FL 32920 (2004), 420 pp.

Getting to the Source: Readings on Sustainable Values, ISBN 09744461-1-4, SunPine Press, 219 Johnson Ave., Cape Canaveral, FL 32920 (2004), 317pp.

“Renewable Energy Limits” and “Population, Energy, and Economic Growth: The Moral Dilemma,” chapters in The Final Energy Crisis, ed. By Andrew McKillop with Sheila Newman, Pluto Press, London, 2005.


“Radiometry & Photometry,” American Journal of Physics, Vo1. 36, No. 11,  Part 1, November 1968, pp. 977-979.

“Holographic Multiple Pass Interferometer for Plasma Diagnostics,” co-authors J. G. Hirschberg, A.Aggarwal, and L. R. Hazelton, Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL, October 1969, Journal of the Optical Society of America, Vol. 59, p. 1541 (1969).

“A Holographic Multiple Pass Interferometer,” co-authors J. G. Hirschberg, A. Aggarawal, and L. R. Hazelton,  Applications de L’Holographie, Comptes Rendus du Symposium International, Besancon, France, July 1970.

“Electrical Power Generation and the Environment,” Muse News, Newsletter of Miami Museum of Science, December, pp. 318-320 (1971), and The Florida Naturalist, magazine of Florida Audubon Society, Vol. 45, p. 56-59 (1972).

“Multichannel Forward Scattering Meter for Oceanography,”  Applied Optics, Vol. 13, No. 3, March 1974, p. 548- 555.

“Ocean Color Spectrum Calculations,” Applied Optics, Vol. 13, No. 10, October 1974, pp. 2422-2429.

“Estimation of the Depth of Sunlight Penetration in the Sea for Remote Sensing,” co-author H. R. Gordon, Applied Optics, Vol. 14, No. 2, February 1975, pp. 413-416, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD.

“Radiometry of Water Turbidity Measurements,” Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Vol. 47, No. 2, February 1975, pp. 252-266.

“Possibilities of Remote Sensing of Red Tide,” Sarasota Conference on Red Tide, Sarasota, FL, 10-12 October 1974, (Summary in Florida Marine Research Publication No. -8, February 1975. Florida Department of Natural Resources, Marine Research Laboratory, 100 Eighth Ave., S.E., St. Petersburg, FL 33701.)

“Space Technology Applied to Environmental Science,” presentation to the Patuxent Sierra Club Annual Meeting, Bowie, Maryland, 11 June 1975.

“Two-channel Laboratory Scattering Meter,”  Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 46, No. 9, September 1975, American Institute of Physics, pp.1231-1235.

“Remote Measurement of Water Color,” Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 5, pp. 3-33 (1976),  American Elsevier Publishing Co., Inc., 52 Vanderbilt Ave., NY, NY 10017.

“Gulf Stream Potential and Environmental Impact Assessment Overview,” co-author H. P. Harrenstien, Sharing the Sun: Solar Technologies in the Seventies, 1976 Joint Conference of American Section of the International Solar Energy Society and the Solar Energy Society of Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, 20 August 1976, Vol.  5, pp.  522-534.

“Gulf Stream OTEC Resource Potential,”co-author L.Sivak, Journal of Energy, Vol 2, No. 2, March-April 1978, pp. 120-122.

“Consumer Perspectives on Utility Involvement in Solar Energy,” Proc. of the First Conference on Community Renewable Energy Systems, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, 20-21 August 1979, sponsored by The Solar Energy Research Institute, U. S. Department of Energy, pp. 354-421.

“Florida Solar DHW Performance monitoring: Correlation with Site-Specific Parameters,” co-author T. Merrigan, Proc. of the 1981 Annual Meeting of the American Section of the International Solar Energy Society, Vol. 4.1, Philadelphia, PA, 26-30 May 1981, pp. 471-475. (FSEC-PF-07).

“The Florida Ocean Thermal Energy Consortium,” McCluney, R., Rotundo, L., Block, D., Proc. of the 8th Ocean Energy Conference, V2, 7-11 June 1981, pp.  923-926.

“Roof Overhangs and Solar Time,” Florida Solar Energy Center, June 1981.(FSEC-RM-80-5-RD).

“Putting Daylight Back in Our Lives,” Solar Age, Vol. 6, No.8 August 1981, p. 67.

“Construction of Inexpensive Laboratory Spectroradiometer,” American Laboratory Magazine, September 1982, pp. 68.

“The Sky’s the Limit,” The Construction Specifier, November 1982, pp. 62-74. (FSEC-PF-30-82).

        “Importance of Economics in Sizing Skylight Systems.” Proc. 1983 International Daylighting Conference, Phoenix, AZ, 16-18 February 1983, pp. 331-335. (FSEC-PF-25-83).

        “Sensors for Daylighting Research at the Florida Solar Energy Center,” co-author D. Goebel. Proc. 1983 International Daylighting Conference, Phoenix, AZ, 16-18 February 1983, pp. 235-241. (FSEC-PF-24-83).

        “Impact of Occupancy Schedules on Skylight Energy Performance.” Proc. 1983 International Daylighting Conference, Phoenix, AZ, 16-18 February 1983, pp. 105-107. (FSEC-PF-28-83).

        “Skysize -- A Simple Procedure for Sizing Skylights Based upon Statistical Illumination Performance,” Proc. 1983 International Daylighting Conference, Phoenix, AZ, 16-18 February 1983, pp. 345-346, and Energy and Buildings, Vol. 6 (1984) pp. 213-219.  (FSEC-PF-26-83, rev. 13 April 1984).

        “Skymod--Annual Energy Performance Simulation Model for Skylights,” Energy and Buildings, Vol. 6 (1984) pp. 353-360. (FSEC-PF-27-83).

        “Daylighting: A Subtle Energy Source that Works,” SUNSPEAK, Newsletter of the Florida Solar Coalition, Vol. 5, No. 4, October 1983, pp. 1-2.

        “Passive Optical Solar Tracking System,” Applied Optics, Vol. 22, 1 November 1983,

pp. 3433-3439. (FSEC-PF-09-83)

        “Residential Skylight Primer,” SUNSPEAK, Newsletter of the Florida Solar Coalition, Vol. 6, No. 2, May 1984.

        “Daylighting - A New Use for an Old Source,” Proc. Lighting and Utilities - Planning for the Future, Hunt Valley, MD, 5-6 June 1984, ERPA EM-3866, January 1985, pp. 4-1 to 4-36, and Government Institutes, Inc., March 1985, 13 pp.

        “Don’t let energy dollars fly out the window,” feature story, Florida Today newspaper, 25 March 1984.

        “Comparison of Window Shading Strategies for Heat Gain Prevention,” with S.Chandra, Proc. Ninth Passive Solar Conference, Columbus, OH, 22-27 September 1984, pp.  414-419.  (FSEC-PF-67-84 and FSEC-CR-FSEC-CR-97-83, FSEC-CR-106-84), pp.  414-419.

        “AESOP, An Exterior Window Shade Design Program,” with R. Sater, Proc. Ninth Passive Solar Conference, Columbus, OH, 22-27 September 1984. (FSEC-PF-69-84).

        “Light Gone Astray -- A Look at Glare,” Optics News, Vol. 11, No. 2, February 1985, pp.47-49. (FSEC-PF-77-85).

        “A Daylighting Checklist,” Solar Age Magazine, April 1985, p. 84.

        “Daylighting in America. Some Practical Suggestions for Proper Usage,” Lighting Design & Application, Vol. 15, No. 7, July 1985, pp. 36-38. (FSEC-PF-88-85).

        “The Sky’s the Limit: How Skylights Can Provide Substantial Energy Savings,” Nation’s Building News, 10 March 1986, pp. 7-8.

        “Bringing in the Sun,” Glass Magazine, Vol. 36, No. 8, August 1986, pp. 60-63. (FSEC-PF-110-86).

“The Time Rate of Changing Daylight,” with H. J. Bornemann, Proc.  1986 International Daylighting Conference II, Long Beach, CA, 4-7 November 1986, pp. 36-44.

        “An International Daylight Measurement Year,” with D. Kendrick, Proc. 1986 International Daylighting Conference I , Long Beach, CA, 4-7 November, pp.3-8.

        “Principal Component Analysis of Sky Luminance Data,” with A. Seidel, Proc. 1986 International Daylighting Conference II, Long Beach, CA, 4-7 November 1986, pp. 3-12. (FSEC-CR-135-85).

        “Awning Shading and Algorithm for Window Energy Studies,” 1986 ASHRAE Transactions, V.92, Pt. 1, Paper No. 2964, pp. 430-438.

        “Daylight Deprivation and Replenishment: A Psychobiological Problem with a Naturalistic Solution.” with R. Terman, M. Fairhurst, S., Periman, B., and Levitt, J., Proc. 1986 International Daylighting Conference II , Long Beach, CA, 4-7 November 1986, pp. 438-443.

        “Counteracting Daylight Deprivation,” co-author M. Terman, Commission Internationale de l’Eclairage, Proc. XXI Session, Venice, Italy, 17-25 June 1987, Vol. 1, Paper No. 602, pp. 346-349. (FSEC-PF-124-87).

        “Determining Solar Radiant Heat Gain of Fenestration Systems,” Passive Solar Journal, Vol. 4, No. 4, 1987, pp. 439-487.

        “Environmental Ethics and Human Behavior,” Florida Science Teacher, Fall 1987, pp. 5-7.

        “An Indices Approach for Evaluating the Performance of Fenestration Systems in Nonresidential Buildings,” co-author R. Sullivan et al.,  1988 ASHRAE Transactions, Vol. 94, Part 2, pp. 673-687.

        “How Science Works,” Florida Science Teacher, Winter 1988. pp. 4-6.

        “Earth Ethics - What Is It?” Earth Ethics Research Group, Inc., 15 December 1988, and Earth Ethics Forum, Summer 1989, Vol. 1, No. 1, Earth Ethics Research Group, Inc., pp. 5-11.

        “Environmental Lifestyle Summary,” Healing the Earth, Clearing, Issue No.62, January/February 1990.

        “Color-rendering of daylight from water-filled light pipes,” Solar Energy Materials, Vol. 21, 2-3 December 1990, pp. 191-206; invited paper for special issue on Solar Optical Concentrator and Techniques.

        “Daylight Availability Research at the Florida Solar Energy Center,” co-author C. Emrich,  Proc. China - North America Daylighting Conference, November 1988, Beijing, China, pp. 1-26.

        “Window Energy Performance Comparison Program for Non-Residential Buildings,” Proc. Building Simulation '89 Conference, Vancouver, BC, Canada, 23-24 June 1989, pp. 94-102. (FSEC-PF-172).

        “Daylight Availability and the International Daylight Measurement Year,” Invited Paper, Proc.  Illuminating Engineering Society of North America, Annual Conference, 6-10 August 1989, Orlando, FL, pp. 822-836. (FSEC-PF-173-89).

        “The Development and Operation of a CIE Research Class Daylight and Solar Radiation Availability Measuring Station:  Lessons Learned,” co-author C. Emrich, Proc. International Symposium on Daylight and Solar Radiation Measurement, Commission Internationale de L’Eclairage and the World Meteorological Organization, Berlin, Germany, 9-11 October 1989, pp.336-345. (FSEC-PF-181).

        “Design of a Dual-Axis Tracking Occulting Disk.” co-author C. Emrich, Proc. International Symposium on Daylighting and  Solar Radiation Measurement, Commission Internationale de L’Eclairage and the World Meteorological Organization, 9-11 October 1989, pp. 156-160. (FSEC-PF-179-89).

        “Design and Operation of a 9- Channel Sky Luminance Mapper,” co-author C.Emrich, Proc. International Symposium on Daylighting and Solar Radiation Measurement, Commission Internationale de l’Eclairage and the World Meteorological Organization, Berlin, Germany, 9-11 October 1989, pp.322-325. (FSEC-PF-180-89).

        “Ethical Dimensions of Our Energy and Environmental Crises,” Proc. 9th Miami Conference on Energy and Environment, Miami Beach, FL, 11-13 December 1989, (FSEC-PF-189-89), and International Journal of Energy, Environment, Economics, Vol. 1, No. 2, 1991, pp 97-104, Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 6080 Jericho Turnpike, Suite 207, Commack, NY 11725.

        “Civil Time, Solar Time, Large Sundials, and the Meaning of Life,” Proc. 15th National Passive Solar Conference, American Solar Energy Society Annual Meeting, Austin, TX, 19-22 March 1990, pp. 29-39. (FSEC- PF-192-90). Recognized as “the most entertaining paper” at the conference.

        “The Importance of the International Daylight Measurement Year,” Lighting, Design & Application, Vol. 20, No. 5, May 1990, pp. 32-41. (FSEC- PF-203-90).

        “Awning Shading Algorithm Update,” ASHRAE Transactions 1990, Vol. 96, Pt. 1, Paper No. 3302, pp. 34-38.

        “Determination of Percent Cloud Cover Using Electronic Imaging:  A Second Generation System.” co-author C. Emrich, Proc. International Daylighting Conference, 9-12 October 1990, Moscow, Russia, 8 pp.

        “Preparatory Research for the IDMP,” co-author C.Emrich, Proc. International Daylighting Conference, 9-12 October 1990, Moscow, Russia, 5 pp.

        “The Death of the Shading Coefficient?” ASHRAE Journal, March 1991, pp. 36-45.

        “The Responsibility of the Scientist to Society—An Ethical and Functional Dilemma,” Proc. Earth Ethics Forum ’91, St. Leo College, St. Leo, FL, 10-12 May 1991, Earth Ethics Research Group, 13938 85th Terrace north, Seminole, FL 34646.

        “Solar Spotlight,” Solar Spectrum, Vol. 4, No. 2, November 1991.

        “An Analysis of the Energy Performance of a Typical Office Building,” co-author C. Gueymard, Proc. 17th National Passive Solar Conference, Cocoa Beach, Florida, American Solar Energy Society, June 1992, pp. 126-131. (FSEC-PF-241-92).

        “Potential of Electric Load Reductions Obtained in Hot Humid Climates from Office Buildings Using Efficient Electric Lighting, High Performance Glazings and Daylighting,” co-author C. Gueymard, Proc. ACEEE 1992 Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, Vol. 1, pp. 89-100. (FSEC-PF-242-92).

        “Just Enough, “ Solar Today, Letters to the Editor, 8 July 1992, pp. 7-9.

        “Sensitivity of Optical Properties and Solar Gain of Spectrally Selective Glazing Systems to Changes in Solar Spectrum.” Proc. 18th National Passive Solar Conference, American Solar Energy Society, Solar ’93, Washington, D.C., 25-28 April 1993, pp. 113-118.

        “Choosing the Best Windows for Hot Climates.” Proc. Innovative Housing ‘93 Conference, Vancouver, BC, Canada, 21-25 June 1993,  pp. 366-375.  (FSEC-PF-253-93)

        “Effect of Interior Shade on Window Solar Gain,” with L. Mills, Proc. ASHRAE Transactions,

Vol. 99, Pt. 2, 1993, pp. 565-570.

        “The benefits of using window shades,: with L. Mills, ASHRAE Journal, November 1993, Vol. 35, No. 11, pp. 20-26. (FSEC-PF-263-93).

        “Angle of Incidence and Diffuse Radiation Influences on Glazing System Solar Gain.” Proc.19th National Passive Solar Conference, Solar ’94, American Solar Energy Society, 27-30 June 1994, San Jose, CA., pp. 107-112.

        “The Fuzziness of Solar Shadows,” Compendium, Vol. 1, No. 3, Journal of the North American Sundial Society, August 1994, pp. 11-15.

        “Sustainable Values for a Livable Future,” Proc. of  the 20th National Passive Solar Conference, American Solar Energy Society, 15-20 July 1995, Minneapolis, MN, pp. 67-72.

        “Working to Improve Solar Heat Gain Calculation Procedures,” NFRC Update, Vol. 5, No. 3, September 1995, pp. 2-3.

        “NFRC’s Solar Calorimetry Task Group,” NFRC Update, Vol. 5, No. 3, September 1995, pp. 5.

        “Software Suite for Window Solar Gain Analysis.” Proc. Window Innovations ’95 Conference, 5-6 June 1995, Toronto, ON, Canada, CANMET, pp. 445-452.

        “Software for Window Solar Gain Analysis,” Proc. Building Simulations ’95, Fourth International Conference, International Building Performance Simulation Association, Madison, WI, 14-16 August 1995.

        “The Need for Spectral Radiance Data in Building Window Design,” Symposium on Ground-Based and Airborne Passive Sensing of the Atmosphere Annual Meeting, Optical Society of America, Portland, OR, 13 September 1995.

        “Sensitivity of Fenestration Solar Gain to Source Spectrum and Angle of Incidence,” ASHRAE Trans.  Vol. 102, Pt.  2, 22-26 June 1996.

        Contributor to Residential Windows: A Guide to New Technologies and Energy Performance, authors: Carmody, John; Selkowitz, Stephen;  Heschong, Lisa, W. W.  Norton & Company, Inc., 550 Fifth Ave., NY, NY 10110 (1996).  214 pp.

        “Let There be Daylight,” Window Rehabilitation Guide for Historic Buildings, The Window Conference and Exposition for Historic Buildings II, National Park Service, Washington, D.C., 20 February 1997, pp.  IV-45-54.

        “Advanced Fenestration Daylighting Systems,” International Daylighting Conference ’98, Natural  Resources Canada/CETC, 11-13 May 1998, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Also “Advanced Fenestration and Daylighting Systems,” Daylighting, p. 9, Velux Group,, 2002, linked to reprint of original article at web site

        “The Team Disney Sundial and the Florida Solar Energy Center,” The Compendium, monthly publication of the North American Sundial Society, Vol. 4, No. 4, December 1997.

        “Conveying Large Numbers to General Audiences,” Procedings, First Annual Conference of Bridges: Mathematical Connections in Art, Music, and Science, Southwestern College, Winfield, KS, 28-30 July 1998.

        “Solar Lighting — A New Industry,” with Michael Stiles and Larry Kinney, Light and Engineering (English translation of Russian journal Svetotekhnika), Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 1-13, 1998.

        “Justifying Energy Efficient and Renewable Energy Technology,” invited paper, Plenary Session, Solar Energy Society of Canada, Waterloo, ON, 24 August 2004, published in conf. proceedings.

        “Solar Lighting,” in Solar Energy Resources Guide, 6th ed., Northern California Solar Energy Association, Davis, CA.  September 2005.

Florida Solar Energy Center Publications

Inexpensive Monitoring of Solar Domestic Water Heater Performance. Florida Solar Energy Center, 1 July 1980. (FSEC-RR-01-RD).

“Devices for East and West Shading,”Florida Solar Energy Center, Passive Design Note, 1980. (FSEC-DN-2-80).

“Sun Position in Florida,” Florida Solar Energy Center, Design Note, April 1981, revised April 1983 and March 1985. (FSEC-DN-4-80 and DN-04-83).

“Solar Distillation of Water,” Florida Solar Energy Center, Energy Note, May 1980, revised May 1981 and February 1984. (FSEC-EN-3-80).  

“Window Treatment for Energy Conservation,” Florida Solar Energy Center,  Energy Note, August 1980, revised April 1981. (FSEC-EN-4),

“Should I Invest in a Wind Generator?”  The Solar Collector,  Quarterly Newsletter of the Florida Solar Energy Center, No.20, Spring 1981, p. 4.

“Homeowners’ Guide to Troubleshooting a Solar Water Heater,” Florida Solar Energy Center,  Technical Note,  co-author T. Merrigan, March 1981. (FSEC-TN-81-05).

“Fenestration Design and Building Shading,” Chapter 5,  Principles of Low Energy Building Design in Warm, Humid Climate. Co-author M. Houston, Florida Solar Energy Center, April 1983. (FSEC-GP-21-83).

“Solar Material Optical Properties Measurement,” Florida Solar Energy Center, April 1983. (FSEC-RR-4-83).

“The Case for Daylighting: An Annotated Bibliography,” May 1984, (FSEC-RN-02-84).

“Fenestation Design for Daylighting,” Vol.  3, Low Energy Design for Schools and Public Buildings. May 1985. (FSEC-GP-29-85).

“How effective are interior shades?”, The Solar Collector, Vol.  10, #3, Summer 1985, p.  3; Record Weekly, Tampa, FL, 22 August 1985.

“Radiant Energy Transfer and Radiant Barrier Systems in Buildings,” with P. Fairey, Florida Solar Energy Center, 1986. (FSEC-DN-6-86).

“An Investigation of the Time Rate of Change of Daylight,” 1 May 1986, co-author H. Bornemann, submitted to Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkley, CA.; (FSEC-CR-136-85); preceded by Interim Standard, “United States Standard Practice for the Mesurement and Reporting of Daylight Availability Date,” August 1985.

“Fenestration Performance: An Annotated Bibliography,” with M. Huggins and C. Emrich, prepared for Lighting Research Institute, May 9, 1990. (FSEC-CR-265-89).

“Office Daylighting Experiments and Assessment,” co-authors J. McIlvaine, K.Hannani, and P. Fairey, Florida Solar Energy Center, September 1992. (FSEC-RR-28-92).

“Rebuilding for Efficiency:  Improving the Energy Use of Reconstructed Residences in South Florida,” with D. Parker, P. Fairey, C. Gueymard, J. McIlvaine, and T. Stedman, December 1992, prepared for U. S. Department of Energy, Florida Energy Office, and Florida Power & Light. (FSEC-CR-562-92).

“Selecting Windows for South Florida Residences,” with C. Gueymard, prepared for Florida Energy Office, 2740 Centerview Dr., Tallahassee, FL  32399, 15 January 1993,  (FSEC-CR-577-93).

“Fenestration Solar Gain Analysis,” Florida Solar Energy Center, 1 November 1996.  (FSEC-GP-65-96).

“Industry Guide to Selecting the Best Residential Window Options for the Florida Climate,” co-author: Paul Jindra.  Florida Solar Energy Center, FSEC-PF-358-01, 2001.

Other Publications

An Investigation of Subharmonic Generation in an Ultrasonic Resonant Cavity. MS Thesis, June 1966, and Office of Naval Research Technical Report No. 2, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, October 1966, pp.1-93, M. A. Breazeale, Principal Investigator.

“Subharmonic Generation in an Ultrasonic Resonant Cavity,” co-author M. A. Breaseale, Acoustical Society of America Annual Meeting, Los Angeles, CA, November 1966, Journal of Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 40, p. 1262 (1966).

“Applications of Holography to Interferometric Testing,” Eastman Kodak Company, Technical Report, 14 March 1967.

“Optical Testing by Holographic Interferometry,” Eastman Kodak Company, Technical Report, 18 May 1967.

“Coherence Versus Fringe Visibility in Laser Interferometers,” Eastman Kodak Company, Technical Report, 19 April 1967.

“A General Purpose Holographic Differential Interferometer,” Eastman Kodak Company.

Small-Angle Light Scattering Studies of Marine Phytoplankton. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida, January 1973.

“Research Needs in Ocean Color Data Analysis,” NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, September 1973. (Doc. No. X652-73-261).

“Satellite Ocean Color Measurements,” Symposium on Remote Sensing in Oceanography, Orlando, FL, October 1973.

“Estimation of Sunlight Penetration in the Sea for Remote Sensing,” April 1974, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland. (Doc. No. X-913-74-113)

“Remote Measurement of Turbidity and Other Water Quality Parameters,” NASA/ Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, July 1975. (Doc. No. X913-75-153).

“Optical Determination of Organic and Inorganic Particulate Concentrations in Natural Waters,” co-authors C. C. Lee and J.E. Corredor, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771, September 1975.

“Improving Brightness of Holographic Images,” Eastman Kodak Company, Technical Report, 9 June 1976.

“Holographic Methods for Vibration Analysis, Eastman Kodak Company,” Technical Report, 17 August 1976.

“Underway Water Sampling System Applied to Suspended Solids Monitoring in Tampa Bay: An Experiment Scenario.” Final Report and Executive Summary on NOAA/NOS/EDL Contract, 30 August 1976, 95 pp. (final report), 21 pp. (summary).

“FIU Lighting Survey Report,” Sun Pine Enterprises, 2275 Cox Rd., Cocoa, FL 32926, 10 March 1987.

“House May Have a ‘Glaring’ Problem You Don’t Know About,” Florida Today, News Release from Florida Solar Energy Center, 23 May 1987.

“Abstracts of Daylighting Research,” with A. Rubin, R. Saraiji, M. Huggins, C. Emrich, prepared for The Electrical Power Research Institute, Inc., Palo Alto, CA 24303, and The Lighting Research Institute, NY, NY 10017, Publication No. NISTIR 4578, (1991), 112 pp.

“The Impact of Changing Source Spectra on the Solar Optical and Solar Gain Properties of Window Glazings,” Sun Pine Enterprises, 2275 Cox Rd., Cocoa, FL 32926, 29 April 1992.

“The Ecology of Commerce,” Earth Literacy Link, Winter 1995, Vol. 2, pp. 8-9 Earth Ethics Institute Newsletter.

“The Enlightening of America,” Earth Literacy Link, Earth Ethics Institute Newsletter, May 1995.

“Tree-Hugger Ethics,” Earth Literacy Link, Earth Ethics Institute Newsletter, May 1995.

“Ecophobia or Ecophillia,” Earth Literacy Link, Winter 1995, Vol. 2, p. 3.

“A tree-hugger defines the 'highest and best use’ of the land,” The News Journal, Daytona Beach, FL, 13 May 1996, p.5A.